The city of Eindhoven in the Netherlands will be the first in the world to produce homes using a 3D printer, an undertaking that is expected to revolutionise the construction industry.
Of the first five new 3D printed houses being placed on the market, the smallest, which have only two bedrooms, drew applications from 20 families only a week after images were made available.
The development, known as Project Milestone, is described by local construction firm Van Wijnen as a solution to a skilled bricklayer shortage in the Netherlands. The firm is collaborating on the project with the Eindhoven University of Technology.
A Van Wijnen manager, Rudy van Gurp, said that the 3D printing method will reduce construction costs and negative environmental effects by minimizing the amount of cement used.
The 3D printed houses are being created by a printer that is essentially a large robotic arm with a nozzle that dispenses a special type of cement. It is ‘printed’ in accordance with a design, adding multiple layers to create a wall and strengthen it. The printer, which will be located off-site, will only make the interior and exterior walls of the first new homes.