The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing every facet of building: how we live in, manage, and even construct them. Today’s buildings are surrounding by a wide ecosystem, no part of which remains untouched. Here are four ways that the application of IoT in the construction industry is dramatically transforming the build process.
Building Information Modelling (BIM)
Building information modelling (BIM) is a process that delivers a 3D model of a building. BIM is typically used to depict the systems and structure of a building during the design and construction phases. Changes to one set of plans can automatically update all other affected plans.
BIM can also be used to catalyse smart buildings projects. IoT sensors can be integrated into a model, creating data that can be used to model occupant movements, temperature trends, and energy usage patterns. The output can be examined to improve projects in the future and even improve building operations management.
The construction industry produces a lot of landfill waste, which has strengthened interest in sustainable construction and architecture. There is, however, more to green building than keeping waste materials out of landfills. Thanks to the use of IoT in the construction industry, the design and engineering of building systems allows them to use energy management to reduce their environmental impact. Green buildings today can do things like:
- Close down non-essential systems automatically when the building is empty
- Automatically open and close louvres to provide access to ideal levels of natural light